Canada in 2013 Technical Details 
All pictures, unless otherwise noted, are copyright 2013 by John A. and Elizabeth B. Lucas. All rights reserved.

Vancouver/Victoria Kamloops/Banff/Lake Louise/Jasper Toronto/Niagara Falls Montreal Quebec/Baie St. Paul Halifax Wildlife Second Thoughts Technical Details

John has been using Nikon equipment for 45 years after taking the advice of a professional photographer who was a friend of the family.

Beth's and John's cameras were deliberately set differently to hedge our bets. This was a trip in which "shoot now or never" was a frequent constraint, often under difficult light and weather conditions. Photographs were chosen, without ego, based upon which of us had the better settings and composition at that time and place.

This is the equipment we chose to take:
Nikon D80 DSLR with the following usual settings:
  • Aperture priority with occasional shutter priority
  • Daylight white balance
  • Autofocus (occasional overriding to manual)
  • Exposure bracketing in three-shot continuous mode, +1/0/-1 EV
  • Continuous mode, three-shot bursts
  • Raw format (10 megapixel)
  • ISO 200-400
  • Nikon 18-200mm Zoom (DX format), lens hood, filters
Nikon D70 DSLR with the following usual settings:
  • Program (camera chooses aperature and shutter)
  • Automatic white balance
  • Autofocus
  • Single shot
  • Raw format (6 megapixel)
  • ISO 200
  • Nikon 18-135mm Zoom (DX format), lens hood, filters
Additional Lenses:
  • Nikon 60mm MicroNikkor (FX format, effectively 96mm), lens hood, filters
  • Nikon 80-400mm Zoom (FX format, effectively 128mm-640mm), lens hood, filters

Other equipment carried:

  • monopod
  • mini/tabletop Tripod
  • cable release for D80
  • Nikon SB-800 flash unit set for wireless remote from D80
  • spare rechargeable batteries for camera and recharger
  • four memory cards for each camera
  • photographer's vest (on John, used about half the time in reasonable weather)


  1. All memory cards used were transferred to network attached storage using Nikon Transfer 2 and USB connection.
  2. The folders containing the raw images were then immediately written to DVDs for disaster backup third copies.
  3. The folders containing the raw images were then read into Extensis Portfolio and three galleries created:
    1. D70 images
    2. D80 images
    3. both cameras together, sorted by date/time (the working copy)
  4. Copyright metadata was added to all images.
  5. The raw images selected for inclusion were processed using Adobe Photoshop CSS 12.1 x64

Higher resolution images or prints available on request.